Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso was born in 1887, in Amarante. At the age of nineteen, he went to Paris to study architecture, only to dedicate himself to painting and drawing. In 1911, he published an album titled XX Dessins, which introduced him to the modernist scene, and exhibited with his friend Amedeo Modigliani in Paris. In 1913, eight of his works were selected for the Armory Show, an exhibition that showed the great names of modern European art to New York, Boston and Chicago, with Amadeo being one of the most prominent artists. In 1913, he also exhibited at the Der Sturm gallery in Berlin. With the outbreak of the Great War, he returned to Amarante, holding two solo exhibitions in Porto and Lisbon, in 1916. He died prematurely in 1918 due to the Spanish flu. His work has been acknowledged by major international museums and is currently featured at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the Centre Pompidou.